علم و فناوری

How Astronauts Land on the Moon - Smarter Every Day 250

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
A very special thank you to Wayne Ottinger
www.aletro.org/
Check out the AMAZING website by Ben Feist that synchronizes all Apollo data:
www.apolloinrealtime.org/
I had to find a lot of archival footage to make this video. Thanks to Devin for helping me find the original Apollo LLTV footage from Ellington.
A special thank you to steveslater1987 for providing the footage and audio of the Neil Armstrong Interview after flying the LLTV.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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smartereveryday
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Ambiance, audio and musicy things by: Gordon McGladdery
www.ashellinthepit.com/
ashellinthepit.bandcamp.com/
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www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
Warm Regards,
Destin

نظر 

  1. SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDay

    پیش ماه

    We're going back to the moon, and we're going to need to train Astronauts how to land. This video is the result of trying to understand that control problem better. in the next video of this series, I'll show you footage from an actual NASA Lunar Lander software test I participated in many years ago. Also, I'd like to say express grateful I am to everyone who supports Smarter Every Day on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday . If you've never considered being a Patreon of Smarter Every Day, then feel free to click the link if you'd like to see what it's all about. If not, then no big deal! I'm grateful that you're here. Warm Regards, Destin

    • Gavin AndStuff

      Gavin AndStuff

      پیش 7 روز

      Pshhhhh old news. I could land on the moon.

    • adam philp

      adam philp

      پیش 8 روز

      Yyhqara6 you

    • Almaadin

      Almaadin

      پیش 10 روز

      @MaGaO true, but the software to land reliably is fairly new and getting better all the time. Most of the failed Mars landings happened without the benefit of the sensors and algorithms available now. It's still best to train the pilots of course.

    • MaGaO

      MaGaO

      پیش 10 روز

      @Almaadin Many Mars probes have crashed. If humans are aboard, it makes sense to train them just in case.

    • hernan jimenez

      hernan jimenez

      پیش 10 روز

      @Almaadin that was done on earth..so gullible lol. Mars supposedly is 1% density of earth atmosphere. which means no air. an you need air to slow parachute and need air for lift when they eventually fly helicopter drone. so the impossible without air debunks your Mars landing 😂😂😂😂😂😂😂🤣🤣🤣🤣😭😭😭😭😂🤣🤣🤣🤣😂😭😭

  2. Saghetti

    Saghetti

    پیش ساعت

    1:43 Among Us?!?!?!?! 😳

  3. Thomas Johnson

    Thomas Johnson

    پیش 2 ساعت

    we going to the moon again !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  4. Marco Mendonça

    Marco Mendonça

    پیش 2 ساعت

    Best way is: No human hands allowed! We can already land or fly anything better by computer than by hand, even the specialized ones.

  5. Communist Cuber

    Communist Cuber

    پیش 8 ساعت

    1:45 - Amungus 1:59 - Amungus

  6. John H

    John H

    پیش 8 ساعت

    Wayne Ottinger is too humble (in regards to engineers of the past).... IMHO (i'm a computer/software engineer) engineers from decades past that's specialized in a certain field needed to be well versed in the complementary fields as well, IE: Software/Computer with electrical, mechanical, materials engineering. I find that today the engineering practices are too hyper focused & more study into the complementary fields would not only move our technology forward faster & with increased quality, but also at a better cost for society as a whole...... The more I study & tinker in the electrical & materials engineering side of things, it's made me a better engineer 10x **** rant over ****

  7. J. B

    J. B

    پیش 11 ساعت

    why didn't they just use helium balloons???? get me a job at NASA stat!

  8. mfaizsyahmi.

    mfaizsyahmi.

    پیش 13 ساعت

    Destin: "among us" 12 year olds: _suppressed laughter_

  9. Xinan

    Xinan

    پیش 13 ساعت

    1:45 A MONGUS!!

  10. Love Supreme

    Love Supreme

    پیش 20 ساعت

    A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Moon.

  11. IMayHaveNukes

    IMayHaveNukes

    پیش روز

    1:58 Amogus

  12. David Tower

    David Tower

    پیش روز

    You are one smart dude, there is no doubt, and I love your videos. You posses a very down to earth way of explaining topics that is very appealing. But, I want to offer some friendly advice on the use of the phrase "for free". You cannot give or get something "for free". Inserting the word "for" implies that you have something called "free" that you can give or get in exchange for something. So, first you have to give or get something called "free" before the transaction can take place. Can't be done. The proper way to phrase it would be to simply say "I'm giving you something "free". It's proper and it sounds correct, because it is. Growing up in a family full of teachers has made it impossible for me to let this egregious misuse of the phrase impossible to ignore. However, nearly everyone misuses it, so don't feel too bad. :-} Next up will be my rant on the overuse of the word "basically", which basically has no basic meaning and is nothing more than a basic filler word. There, I feel much better now... Hey, maybe I should start a channel of my own.

  13. DA PHENOMENALZ

    DA PHENOMENALZ

    پیش روز

    I love how some people are commenting that humans never went to space on other's comments, and not commenting directly. Cuz they don't have the courage to and in their heart they know they are wrong😂 but won't accept cuz they don't want to and look stupid in front of others😂

  14. Stonks Airlines

    Stonks Airlines

    پیش روز

    1:45 sus

  15. GiuseppeSan

    GiuseppeSan

    پیش روز

    Great video, great to hear from Mr. Ottinger

  16. Emil P

    Emil P

    پیش روز

    1:44 amogus

  17. Naveen Paraparan

    Naveen Paraparan

    پیش روز

    The flimsy asphalt wessely depend because country extracellularly scorch pro a tidy mom. tired, youthful dust

  18. Test Test

    Test Test

    پیش 2 روز

    This was fascinating.

  19. Alexandra Toftul

    Alexandra Toftul

    پیش 2 روز

    Thanks for the great video! I work on HLS and our CE recommended this LOL

  20. HERGRYN

    HERGRYN

    پیش 2 روز

    3:20 nice tracking Destin!

  21. Joe O'Connor

    Joe O'Connor

    پیش 2 روز

    But if NASA can program a robot to drop another robot on Mars all on its own. Why do astronauts need to land on the moon on their own? Is it not safer to use the programming? No atmosphere seems like it would create a very consistent and reliable medium to program for, then you don't need to add the possibility of human error in landing.

    • StormCrown

      StormCrown

      پیش روز

      Yes, but robots aren't as good as humans yet.

  22. TheSharko123

    TheSharko123

    پیش 3 روز

    If i recall correctly wasn't the Harrier also flying the late 60's?

  23. Ean E

    Ean E

    پیش 3 روز

    1:58 Whaaaaa?

  24. Sunken Slinky

    Sunken Slinky

    پیش 3 روز

    I wish the U.S still strived to be #1 and invest money into space rather then using our tax dollars to give other countries welfare all the time. It's a shame to think about how far ahead we would be if we were isolationist and reinvested our own money into our own economy.

  25. Jamane Ma Raas Hollington

    Jamane Ma Raas Hollington

    پیش 3 روز

    You should have worn an omega speedmaster motm

    • Jamane Ma Raas Hollington

      Jamane Ma Raas Hollington

      پیش 3 روز

      Great video

  26. Jeremiah Johnston

    Jeremiah Johnston

    پیش 3 روز

    Silly. That can’t land on the moon. Flat Earth Baby

    • Atlas

      Atlas

      پیش روز

      dummy

  27. Lukas Smith

    Lukas Smith

    پیش 3 روز

    Neil Armstrong... Boiler Up!!

  28. Notable Discomfort

    Notable Discomfort

    پیش 3 روز

    Imagine if they had Kerbal Space Program back then.

  29. Dizzi

    Dizzi

    پیش 4 روز

    1:45

  30. Michael B

    Michael B

    پیش 4 روز

    Incredible stuff. A truly great group of minds. You will never be thanked enough, Mr. Armstrong. Rest peacefully among the stars.

  31. Josh Lounsberry

    Josh Lounsberry

    پیش 4 روز

    You should continue your playlist on lawn tools do an episode on rotary hedge trimmers

  32. gambler

    gambler

    پیش 4 روز

    Every day...

  33. Ankur Debbarma

    Ankur Debbarma

    پیش 4 روز

    Please get Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin together.

  34. Ankur Debbarma

    Ankur Debbarma

    پیش 4 روز

    Destin got hold of a LEGEND.

  35. Matthew Sikora

    Matthew Sikora

    پیش 4 روز

    I tried to watch this with a straight face, but I simply cannot!

  36. flameceo

    flameceo

    پیش 4 روز

    wtheck IRmys. why you hide Dustin update from my subs page? Luckily I search smarterEveryDay out of curiosity.

  37. Some Canine

    Some Canine

    پیش 4 روز

    Goes to show you how much we take all of the technical tools for granted. I imagine engineers will pre-program all of the error correction techniques in a computer for the re-return, but the Apollo crew never had that. They had to do everything with mechanics and training. I think it will be much less of a technical challenge on each individual person, but still a staggering engineering feat overall.

  38. Gratten Jenkins

    Gratten Jenkins

    پیش 5 روز

    Thank you, what a very interesting and informative video

  39. sterlingwulf RBLX

    sterlingwulf RBLX

    پیش 5 روز

    how much would be saved in fuel weight if the rocket first stage was accelerated on a maglev ramp before first stage engine ignition? seems like maglev trains are similar sizable payload can be accelerated to high speeds using electricity and starting a rocket to escape velocity from maglev speeds would have a huge impact compared to starting from a standstill

  40. Drunk Astronaut

    Drunk Astronaut

    پیش 5 روز

    Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”

  41. LoungeActVideos

    LoungeActVideos

    پیش 5 روز

    Someone get Mr Ottinger's half burnt snake cartoon made.

  42. Brian Huntington

    Brian Huntington

    پیش 5 روز

    I absolutely love this video!! My Grandfather was a Quality Control Engineer with NASA and worked on every APOLLO mission!! My Grandfather oversaw the manufacture and installation of the battery systems of the lunar lander! A secret my Grandfather told me before he passed afew years back was. Before they affixed the housing of the batteries, my Grandfather and his crew had a bronze plaque made with their names inscibed on it. They attached it to the top of the housing that covered the batteries!!!! This could have caused a mass firing event if they were caught!!! So now my Grandfather's name is on the moon! This I am very proud of! Just thought you might like to hear the story.

  43. Shawn Hunter

    Shawn Hunter

    پیش 5 روز

    to land on the moon you have to buy AMC and GME

  44. nxlxn

    nxlxn

    پیش 6 روز

    RIP Neil Armstrong. Yes it's been 9 years, but he was all of us.

  45. R Я

    R Я

    پیش 6 روز

    1:45

  46. Saran O.p

    Saran O.p

    پیش 6 روز

    "this video WERE SENDING LINCON TO THE MOON"

  47. Sudeep R

    Sudeep R

    پیش 6 روز

    So they essentially made a CNC machine that controls the craft?

  48. Darth Insidious

    Darth Insidious

    پیش 6 روز

    NASA : Does all of this Some incel on the internet : "MoOn LaNdInG wAs FaKe!"

  49. Michael Condon

    Michael Condon

    پیش 6 روز

    I’m looking forward to seeing more videos on returning to the moon. Especially to see what the engineers come up with for a test vehicle to fly here on earth.

  50. John Doe p144.1

    John Doe p144.1

    پیش 7 روز

    Nasa openly admits that humans cannot safely travel through the Van Allen Belts.... Yet this problem was solved in 1969-1972. What gives?

    • Atlas

      Atlas

      پیش 6 روز

      @John Doe p144.1 The most important bits, like video and audio, sure. Telemetry, not so much, unless of course you're dealing with a severe malfunction, like in Apollo 13. In that case, keeping the telemetry tapes makes sense, and they did.

    • John Doe p144.1

      John Doe p144.1

      پیش 6 روز

      @Atlas I hear what your saying but at the same time the moon landing was THE most significant scientific achievement in human history... Wouldn't you think that is something that would be held onto and cherished for generations?

    • Atlas

      Atlas

      پیش 6 روز

      @John Doe p144.1 It's a shame they lost the original tapes. But I supposed it made sense for them to be erased, since the video signal had been archived elsewhere and keeping telemetry around isn't standard.

    • John Doe p144.1

      John Doe p144.1

      پیش 6 روز

      @Atlas OK, fair enough. What about the fact that Nasa "lost" over 13,000 reels of telemetry data. Also contributing to the official explanation as to why we haven't been back to the moon.

    • Atlas

      Atlas

      پیش 6 روز

      @John Doe p144.1 Not really. The rocket used in the Apollo program is no longer manufactured. The last Saturn V was made nearly half a century ago. Can't send people beyond LEO without a a massive rocket.

  51. chau do

    chau do

    پیش 7 روز

    The Plan is good! Hopefully it will happen soon! I would like to see human beings will be traveling to the Moon for their vacations and back to the earth! And then Human being will develop the advantage technologies to travel to other planets to live, working, vacation, ...... and back to the Mother Earth!

  52. Nighthawk

    Nighthawk

    پیش 7 روز

    I don't know about you.... but these prototype propulsion techniques, if they were ever snatched by the military and repurposed for military vehicles,.... and IF one, or some, if any, of those prototypes were seen by the public.... there's a really good chance they'd look like flying saucers, to the layman. think about it... 1964 era, middle of the space race, lots of UFO sightings, and now we know that NASA had a *FREAKING VTOL PROTOTYPE* ?!?!?!??!

  53. Chris Gonzalez

    Chris Gonzalez

    پیش 7 روز

    The immense drawbridge laparoscopically kill because submarine coincidentally jail above a tame parent. big, moldy slice

  54. Zoltán Kozma

    Zoltán Kozma

    پیش 7 روز

    Am I missing something here? Why wouldn't they try to evenly fill the system with helium compartments or vacuum? Would that be beyond the limit of how much that volume could lift compared to the weight of the lunar lander?

  55. Travis James

    Travis James

    پیش 7 روز

    Wayne is a national treasure. I love AMERICA!!!!!!!

  56. Darp

    Darp

    پیش 7 روز

    Among us??!!!

  57. FILM N SHOOT CO

    FILM N SHOOT CO

    پیش 7 روز

    My pal Jonathan Dimock works for NASA. He’s the man who speaks to the president re NASA biz. My pal Johnathan had zeroooo experience to have got this job....

  58. The Revolution Will Not Be Televised

    The Revolution Will Not Be Televised

    پیش 7 روز

    The X-14 is basically a copy of the British Hawker Siddeley P.1127. Which later became the Harrier Jump jet.

  59. Dwagin Con

    Dwagin Con

    پیش 7 روز

    1:44 sus

  60. Vincent Pang

    Vincent Pang

    پیش 7 روز

    The lumpy gender phenomenologically request because plastic univariately grin through a acoustic grain. wiry, clammy magazine

  61. Who Farted

    Who Farted

    پیش 7 روز

    How did they know the lunar gravitational force before going to the moon?

  62. Ася Гумерова

    Ася Гумерова

    پیش 7 روز

    Эти "проэкты"-возможность воровать общие деньги,играть во взрослые игрушки и не быть наказанным,а быть "уважаемыми космическими ворами" Я предпологаю.что верхушка США и СССР были в сговоре и много лет смеялись над доверчивыми гражданами...

  63. Chas Wolf

    Chas Wolf

    پیش 7 روز

    We all see drones, and the amazing technology they use to fly straight, steady, and in some cases, autonomously. I'm sure there is a tie-in here.

  64. Brandon Routier

    Brandon Routier

    پیش 7 روز

    Didnt the Harrier fly in 1967?

  65. djmips

    djmips

    پیش 7 روز

    What actually happens on the moon landing(s) low-key confirmed by his guest Ben Feist is that the Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) does all of the flying until final approach where Armstrong and other astronauts use the rate-of-decent mode (P66), a mode not unlike drones for the home market where the stabilization is handled by the AGC and Neil uses the fly by wire stick to control horizontal velocity, avoid a boulder field and then bring bring the horizontal velocity to zero; another two switches can speed up or slow down the computers rate of descent in increments of one foot per second. I know the LLTV also had a computer. How similar was it's stabilization and controls to the actual LEM and the AGC's P66?

  66. el blanco _

    el blanco _

    پیش 8 روز

    Man, the engineer of the LLTV, what a treasure!

  67. Dylan Wager Music

    Dylan Wager Music

    پیش 8 روز

    1:45 1:58

  68. Adam Armstrong

    Adam Armstrong

    پیش 8 روز

    i dont want to be apart of this planet anymore

  69. TheEmeraldSword

    TheEmeraldSword

    پیش 8 روز

    4:06 the the angle dynamically shook with his hands, now that's detail.

  70. Kerrie Arkwell

    Kerrie Arkwell

    پیش 8 روز

    This was an amazing video. Thank you. Understanding the why truly is as pertinent as the how. If you understand the why, then engineers can use updated techniques if possible instead of just repeating work arounds.

  71. Dan Bertucci

    Dan Bertucci

    پیش 8 روز

    The communists now in charge want nothing to do with moon landings anyway, so...

  72. SlayerofFiction

    SlayerofFiction

    پیش 8 روز

    I don't even drink and I want the lunar shot glass

  73. Gert Kruger

    Gert Kruger

    پیش 8 روز

    I really do not see the point. The next one will be landed by ai.

  74. KatzRool

    KatzRool

    پیش 8 روز

    amogus

  75. DrCash7

    DrCash7

    پیش 8 روز

    4:30 "and if there were no drag.." If there were no drag then there would be no thrust/movement. Just like if there were no weight/gravity there would be no lift.

  76. DrCash7

    DrCash7

    پیش 8 روز

    Fek

  77. Ephraim

    Ephraim

    پیش 8 روز

    Would be quite impossible to control Starship HLS by hand. Will be autonomous.

  78. Dhoulmegus

    Dhoulmegus

    پیش 8 روز

    NASA scientists shoulda just played Kerbal Space Program. I was landing on the Mun as a teenager.

  79. strshooter

    strshooter

    پیش 8 روز

    Well done video, learned a lot, (like there are still people that think we didn’t go to the moon, and the earth is flat. I’m sure there are still those that think Hitler didn’t murder millions of people in death camps...) My question is, why go back to the moon? What’s there that we can benefit people? It will cost billions of dollars, tax dollars, just to say we can it? It’s a moon with ... not much on it. The distances to leave our solar system to anyway else are just too far away. Sorry, this isn’t Star Trek, or some other fantasy TV show... .

  80. maksphoto78

    maksphoto78

    پیش 8 روز

    Nah uh, they didn't "make sure velocity is zero when touching the surface". They had probes sticking out of lander which, when the probes touched the surface, automatically shut the engine down (while still some meters above the ground), so the lander gently dropped to the ground.

  81. Doritos XD

    Doritos XD

    پیش 8 روز

    1:58 among us 🤑🤑🤙👌👍

  82. Kevin Palmer

    Kevin Palmer

    پیش 8 روز

    Your questions and the way his eyes lit up. Surprised and also happy to see someone younger understanding his knowledge. Awesome

  83. Spo8

    Spo8

    پیش 9 روز

    Mr. Ottinger is SO COOL. Man, you just know he has countless other amazing stories.

  84. kkcsak ndclon

    kkcsak ndclon

    پیش 9 روز

    The wild patricia univariably influence because belief exemplarily sigh unlike a flashy comic. aromatic, lethal lyocell

  85. Omadais

    Omadais

    پیش 9 روز

    Please do a video on the X-14

  86. The Bloody Truth

    The Bloody Truth

    پیش 9 روز

    Back to the moon? 😅

  87. Ciorram1

    Ciorram1

    پیش 9 روز

    Comment for algorithm.

  88. Leandro Gogola

    Leandro Gogola

    پیش 9 روز

    I confess, Mr. Ottinger make me laugh a few times. What a great man

  89. Dadly25

    Dadly25

    پیش 9 روز

    1:45 when the impostor is sus

    • Ron Burghandy

      Ron Burghandy

      پیش 6 روز

      I knew there'd be at least one lol

  90. DavyBoySmith

    DavyBoySmith

    پیش 9 روز

    Destin, I have a friend who has an LLTV sitting in his shed at work. I was fortunate enough to get a tour of his "work" and I can honestly say as much fun as it looks... yeah, no... His work is the same AFRC mentioned in your video. I was most impressed by the Peroxide thrusters mounted on every corner and axis of the unit. A tour of the Armstrong facility was the most incredible thing I have had the opportunity to experience. if you are ever there ask about the LLTV and perhaps they can take you to the closet for a look see. God Bless you man, I love your take on science.

  91. Egon Pax

    Egon Pax

    پیش 9 روز

    We aren’t going back to the moon, not with lunchbox Joe in power.

    • Brian Huntington

      Brian Huntington

      پیش 5 روز

      obama and biden almost destroyed the Space industry! I live in Brevard county. TRUMP brought back space flights and the area is growing immensely!! Everyone is scared biden is going to do somthing stupid, again!

    • Brian Huntington

      Brian Huntington

      پیش 5 روز

      Very true

  92. gordonfree man

    gordonfree man

    پیش 9 روز

    Everybody know Apollo is a big lie

    • Atlas

      Atlas

      پیش 9 روز

      Wrong

  93. Binky Carolina

    Binky Carolina

    پیش 9 روز

    AMONG US!!! HE SAID IT

  94. John Bravo

    John Bravo

    پیش 9 روز

    @ 5:45 ---> food for thought, the Harrier Jump Jet was first tested in 1967 and introduced into service in '69... 😉

  95. Florian Walter

    Florian Walter

    پیش 9 روز

    Why not installing a helium baloon, that lifts 5/6 of the lander's weight?

  96. Super Song

    Super Song

    پیش 9 روز

    at this point this man knows too much to be safe 🙏😂

  97. Ryan Rich

    Ryan Rich

    پیش 9 روز

    Where is the loud roar of the rocket when you hear them calmly talking as lunar is landing?

    • Ryan Rich

      Ryan Rich

      پیش 9 روز

      @Atlas nms was tight

    • Atlas

      Atlas

      پیش 9 روز

      It's a pressure fed engine firing in a vacuum, come on.

  98. Hirvieläin

    Hirvieläin

    پیش 9 روز

    I would assume the lander's computer will perform the descent and landing in Artemis program.

  99. Suphakrit Phantharat

    Suphakrit Phantharat

    پیش 9 روز

    Why do we need manual landing when we sent multiple rovers to mars and it has ability to auto land with high precision

  100. Bogdan Bogdan

    Bogdan Bogdan

    پیش 9 روز

    15:55 oh my ghaad

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